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发生事故导致司机死亡,新技术仍有缺陷,无钥匙点火值得吗?

www.paulsplumbingsvcs.com2019-07-16
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9th | www.caranddriver.com

The New York Times reported an accident in which a couple died of carbon monoxide poisoning. The cause of the accident was a 2017 Toyota Avalon. Although it was equipped with a buttonless ignition, it was mistakenly started to run on its own after the driver left the car, and a large amount of carbon monoxide was generated in the garage. This tragedy.

The report outlines the problem of modern keyless ignition systems, which can make it difficult for drivers to determine if the car's engine is running.

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The Highway Traffic Safety Administration and the SAE International Association in various countries have recommended the addition of a warning system to the push-button ignition system, which is also a powerful remedy for the driver to check the ignition system.

Are all the electronic products in your car practical and harmless? The answer is yes in terms of safety functions such as anti-lock brakes and stability control systems. However, convenience features such as a touch screen can distract drivers, and the worst case is a traffic accident.

There is a neglected risk in a keyless ignition system because sometimes the driver cannot turn off the car or realize that it is still running. This is a large-scale survey of automotive technology issues, and we cite the dangers that can occur when you use a practical keyless ignition system but don't pay much attention to the condition of the car engine.

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In fact, in addition to the keyless ignition, Avalon also has an engine stop/start function that shuts down the engine while the ignition is on to save fuel. Carbon monoxide poisoning is rare, reporting only a few hundred cases per year, but running an internal combustion engine in an enclosed space can produce fatal concentrations in minutes - using a cold engine or even faster.

xx在半封闭的车库中,汽车发动机产生的一氧化碳会使家中的空气变得致命。根据详细数据,自2006年以来已有36人死于此事件,数十人因此问题受伤。

无钥匙点火系统非常受欢迎,很快就成为标准功能,因为它很方便。司机可以将钥匙放在口袋或钱包里,不用担心钥匙掉在车里。因为它与汽车的计算机进行无线通信,所以无键系统比旧密钥更安全。与旧式点火辊相比,无钥匙点火运动部件更少,这对汽车制造商更有利。

召回部分车辆后,通用汽车为其所有车辆使用了按钮式点火装置。没有钥匙可以转动,因此在驾驶过程中由于特殊情况而无法停止发动机,无论是事故还是由于故障部件(后者是GM的主要因素)。

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就通用汽车而言,无钥匙点火技术是一项技术安全增强。但是对于所有新技术,大小尺寸都会出现意想不到的问题。在这种情况下,无钥匙点火和自动停止/启动的组合增加了驾驶员在不检查发动机运行条件的情况下离开车辆的风险。当这种情况发生在车库时,结果会变得严重。

虽然丰田用了一声嘟嘟警告,因为丰田Avalon没有使用发动机自动关机功能,技术保证没有达到位置而引发事故。丰田表示将为其2020型号增加自动发动机关闭功能并使用无钥匙点火。

SAE国际和国家公路交通安全管理局(NHTSA)都提出了需要更多警告或无钥匙点火以自动关闭的标准,但汽车行业继续抵制监管以及任何增加的成本或复杂性。

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Regarding the problems of cars and drivers, we all think that this is not the fault of the driver. Even so, drivers have a responsibility to learn how to tell the relevant problems in the cars they drive, such as checking if the engine is really off.

Evolving technology requires a mental shift: since you don't mechanically insert the key into the ignition and hear engine noise while the car is driving, you need to pay close attention to whether you have turned off the vehicle. Obviously, we can't believe that car manufacturers can protect us from all kinds of situations. As cars become more and more useful, consumers are less and less involved in driving while driving, and this problem makes the risk of danger even higher. This reminds us that although a series of technical operations on the car are very convenient, it is still necessary for the driver's friends to do some operations by hand.

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